Religion in India has its roots in millennial distances. Initially, Vedism was the main religion on the Hindustan Peninsula. At this time, the Indo-Aryan race lived here, they professed a special religious practice described in ancient texts called the Vedas. Later, the sacred texts of the Upanishads, Mahabharata, Rigveda were compiled. There is no exact time frame for how long the formation of religions of ancient India took place . Modern scientists suggest that it took a period of a thousand to two thousand years. These terms are very arbitrary, since there is no way to rely on some reliable facts in the period of three thousand years BC. Much later. After the exodus from the peninsula of Hindustan Aryans. Buddhism came to these territories and settled here for a long time.
Bringing a lot to the new religion of Hinduism, which replaced Buddhism. This the ancient religion of India has been snuggled up by the local population for many centuries and is still practiced by most of the population. Despite all kinds of persecution during the periods of occupation of these territories by different invaders. Carried with them, their beliefs. Hinduism has adapted and adapted Islam and Christianity. At present, in India there are many religions and beliefs, but Hinduism is the main faith. Almost eighty percent of the population professes it. The second largest faith is Islam, just over ten percent of believers. Then comes Christianity up to three percent. Sikhism up to two percent, Buddhism in India up to one, Jainism up to half a percent. Many other religions come next, but their influence on the population is not great. Since ancient times, people who lived in modern India. Worshiped many different deities and many of them have retained their influence on human minds to this day. The good news is that these contradictions do not turn into bloody wars for faith in India .
Gods and goddesses of India
Pantheon | || 191 богов Индии very great. Moreover, some of the deities can be represented in different forms. It can be difficult for an uninitiated person to understand all these intricacies of divine genealogies and reincarnations. Vishnu the main deity, his title in Sanskrit characterizes him as possessing all virtues. Most often in the pictures he is depicted as a man with four hands and blue skin. He is able to be in three forms in each of them, his body acquires some new property, allows you to perform the tricks inherent in the gods. When Vishnu goes to rest, a lotus flower appears from his navel. Brahma comes out of it. Brahma is the same deity as Vishnu. He is considered self-born at the very beginning of the creation of the universe. It is he who is attributed the creation of man and the creation of the first sages to whom the first divine knowledge was transmitted. It can also be in three forms and has four arms, but the skin color already has a human color and is usually depicted as a bleached gray-haired old man. In addition to four hands, he has four heads and four faces. Perhaps this is the only deity in the pantheon. Which is not portrayed, with any weapon in hand. Most often he holds books.
You must travel around India, visiting unique natural places, many of which have preserved their original appearance, more details: Rivers of India .
Shiva another deity of the Indian pantheon also has three hypostases, it can simultaneously be both a creator and a destroyer. Most often, four hands are depicted as a man with dazzling white skin. Holds destructive weapons in his hands.
Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune and prosperity, the wife of Vishnu. Her usual image is a gorgeous woman with charming forms. Sits on a lotus flower. Sarasati, the wife of the god Brahma, is the patroness of the arts.
Goddess of India Tear it up, wife of Shiva. During his battles, helps her husband in the form of a terrible demon devouring her husband’s enemies. The divine pantheon of Hinduism, is very large, to understand all of these reincarnations, you need to understand religious dogmas very well. Ordinary Indians worship the chosen god, not particularly going into the possibility of his reincarnation.
Throughout India there is a very large number of temples dedicated to different gods. But sometimes it may turn out that they are dedicated to the same deity. Only in a different form. After the creation of the earth and humanity on it, various gods descended with pleasure to people and, having assumed a human appearance, made love to human children. These events are reflected in many epic legends of ancient India.
Other religions of India
Different states worship different gods. There are even temples. Where various sacred animals are worshiped. There may be crocodiles, rats, monkeys and peacocks. Muslims living in India. They profess the orthodox religion. Only here she underwent some changes in connection with the peculiarities of local life, became more tolerant of other beliefs. More secular. The state where most Muslims live has many mosques and completely admits other religions.
All traditions and customs in India are inextricably linked with the faith of the Indians, more details: Customs and traditions of India .
Christianity has also adapted to the characteristics of the population living here. In Christian churches, there is the same caste as in modern Indian society. The millennium-old rafting of various cultures gave rise to a unique society where all religions of India do not compete with each other, but serve the general goals of the state and, despite the apparent differences in dogma, get along well. One can see the thousand-year history of this people, professing patience and righteous work for rebirth in a new body with the best qualities of the soul, makes itself felt.
Yoga and Ayurveda
These concepts are not religious, rather philosophical, preaching a careful attitude to your body and through improving the body, access to a higher spiritual level. Thanks to which you can better understand the true purpose of man and his approximation to the essence of the gods. Perhaps these philosophical concepts best provide an opportunity to understand how so many different beliefs, sometimes contradicting each other, can exist together. Without conflicting with each other. Due to the fact that professing yoga, many residents of the country strive to improve the spirit of the soul and body. They become more tolerant of manifestations of another's misunderstanding. They just go on their own way. Ignoring various little things.
Religions of India, video: