National Territorial Republic of India . One of the most famous countries in the world. As a state, it formed almost two thousand years before the emergence of ancient Greece. Already in those days, the peoples who inhabited the Hindustan Peninsula were very developed and possessed knowledge that has not been solved by mankind until now. It is believed that they were given this knowledge by the ancient Aryans. The people who came here in time immemorial and settled, subsequently, around the world. Ancient legends and beliefs, the peoples of India, tell of the gods who lived, once on the whole earth. Possessed great knowledge.
The ancient Indian epic tells of people who have flying ships at their disposal. Able to treat any disease. The ancient Indian treatise of the Mahabharata describes the war of two ruling dynasties. The description of the military capabilities of these creatures is terrifying. Indian priests still honor these gods. Throughout the country there are a huge number of various temples. The dates of their construction are lost in the mists of time. Modern engineers, however, cannot explain how these structures could be built in those days when people did not even know the wheels, but hunted and fought with a bow and arrow. All these puzzles and beauty of tourists attract a huge number of tourists. Over a million people visit the country annually. This exotic country has always attracted the attention of merchants. Due to the greater number of all kinds of spices growing throughout the peninsula.
For many years the population was under the yoke of the English and Portuguese colonialists. They mercilessly robbed this people. Trying in every possible way to slow down its development and not let it go its own way. Alien religion was propagated everywhere. Ordinary people did not have the opportunity to get at least some kind of education. Since the sixteenth century, many European countries have been fighting for the possession of this Indian territory . In the mid-eighteenth century, the British crown was able to firmly gain a foothold in the territory of modern India. Outright robbery began, lasting until the middle of the nineteenth century.
Cities of India consisted of several palaces of magarajs, and a huge number of shacks around them. Roads in India were almost completely absent. The division of the locals into castes contributed to the rapid enslavement of the whole people. This went on up to one thousand forties. The people began an active struggle with the colonialists, which led to victory. The official day independence of India is considered, on the fifteenth of August, one thousand nine hundred and forty-seven. On this day, Jawaharlal Nehru, the country's first prime minister, raised his country's flag above the red fort in Delhi. The Indian people went to this event for a very long time. The inspirer and organizer of this non-violent war was Mahatma Gandhi. He called on the people to boycott English schools and shops. Do not buy their goods. Do not pay taxes. Only in this way did Gandhi believe that it would be possible to overthrow the colonial power without blood. He devoted much time to reconciling among himself various religious movements. It was especially difficult to try on Muslims and Indians.
Features of rest in India, more details: Tours to India .
England for many years warmed up this enmity. For his activities, the British authorities put Gandhi in prison many times, but popular unrest always forced the authorities to release him. For his people, he forever remained the father of the nation. Now India is a republic. The president of the state has purely nominal, representative functions. The parliament, headed by the Prime Minister, has full power. Now the Indian economy is booming. Thanks to smart rule, the state attracts huge investments. Actively strengthens its position in the international market. The government is trying hard to match the symbol of its country. Four lions densely standing around. The motto is: Brave in courage, strong in body, Prudent in advice, intimidating the enemy.
Nationalities, Language in India, Religion
In its composition, the people of India are very national. Reminds a big boiling cauldron. More than a hundred nations and nationalities live together. Most people live in rural areas. About seventy-three percent. The rest is in the cities. According to the latest census, India has a billion two hundred million people and the population density in cities is more than six thousand people per square meter. It is clear that this is the case with languages. Only officially listed more than one thousand six hundred languages and dialects used in the state. The main state recognized eighteen. They are spoken by most people in different states.
The state languages are Hindi and English. If you get into the country, and will have English skills at the fifth grade level, this is quite enough for communication. According to religious beliefs, most of the population are Hindus. More than eighty percent. The next are Muslims a little over ten. Then the Buddhists are more than one percent. But still in the country there is a huge number of various sects. In fact, India is a secular state, and any religious persecution is strictly suppressed. Now there are a little more than half of educated people in India, but the country is actively developing and the state is paying more and more attention to youth education. Industry urgently needs qualified specialists.
Life in India
If you imagine this country in the form of pictures, you will see a whole kaleidoscope of bright colors. A lot of plantations with spices, crocodile farms, exotic temples, tropical vegetation, snow mountains, colorful clothes of the population, many flowers, booming cities. Beautiful resorts, turquoise waters of the seas. If you look at a map of India you can see that it is a peninsula washed from all sides by the waters of the seas. India shark sticks out of the Asian mainland. If you go around India, you will constantly come across stately temples. And many are still working. All of them are covered with magnificent stone carvings. All these figures protrude prominently from the walls rising above the head. It seems that all these images will come to life now. After driving away from the temple, you can get on the lavender field or deformed. Peppers and cloves. The air constantly smells of spices. Indian cuisine is famous for using all kinds of seasonings. Here it is no wonder.
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The largest highways in India are still are their rivers Indus and Ganges. Mostly on their shores are the cities of India. The easiest way to get somewhere is to use river transport. A huge number of boats warp along the stately flowing waters. Modern India big cities, of course, prefers cars. But the bulk of the population living in the villages still prefer boats. Among other things, they do not need to refuel with expensive gasoline. Buses are very popular among the local population. They run all over the country. There are even sleeping rooms. You can ride in them lying down. It all depends on the ticket price. For the local population, for the most part, buses with air conditioning and berths are expensive. Tourists from Western countries enjoy using this type of transport. Traveling on it you can enjoy beautiful views from the window.
There is still a railway, it was built during the reign of England. It connects large industrial centers. Traveling by train is faster and more convenient. In big cities you can get a taxi. But you need to stipulate the fare in advance, because otherwise, at the end of the journey, the payment may be prohibitive. More cities go a large number of bicycles and motorcycle rickshaws. This type of transport is very popular among tourists. Since it is not expensive, it allows you to slowly explore the surroundings. There is still such a type of movement as elephants. But this is more an exotic attraction than a modern way of transportation. True, in national parks it is popular. Riding this giant, you feel a complete merger with nature.
Currency, Cuisine. Clothing
The monetary unit in the country is the Indian rupee. Importing and exporting banknotes is strictly prohibited. When traveling to India, it is more economical to take traveler's checks, they change at a more favorable rate or dollars. Money can be changed only in large foreign banks, shops and restaurants. Exclusively in big cities. With credit cards, especially if you are going to go inland, it is better not to get involved. Since far from large cities, all trade is only for cash. But having gone to the province, you can purchase unique handicrafts, which, upon arrival home, will increase in price many times. The main thing is that they will be unique. If in some small shop the owner will offer to change the money you need to be very careful.
Features of the national currency of India and tips for its use, more details: Currency of India .
In India, money exchange in the wrong place a criminal offense. You can run into deportation. It is better not to take risks and change money when entering the country. The reverse exchange, the remaining amount, can be made directly at the airport. When traveling around the country, you have to eat local dishes. Indians are mainly vegetarians and they have a huge number of vegetable dishes of different cooking methods. Of course, all this is very generously seasoned with spices. In some areas, you can ask for meat dishes, but most likely it wakes mutton. Hindus do not eat beef. For them, a cow is a sacred animal. A very interesting custom is when you are served local sweets wrapped in very thin silver foil. You need to eat it with her for disinfection. A very large number of fruits. They can be consumed both raw and cooked in some way. The main thing to remember is that this is a tropical country and hygiene issues are very acute. Be sure to wash everything.
The most common type of clothing in India is the sari. This very comfortable national attire is made of very thin cotton. In general, in India, all clothing is made only from natural fibers. It perfectly passes air and does not stick to the body. The local textile industry Indian industry produces many excellent clothing designs for every taste. In the photographs you can often see women in national clothes. If you want to follow their example, it is better to dress for the first time with someone's help. This process for the uninitiated can be quite complicated. You will be happy to be helped at the store or at the hotel maid. It is best to wear leather sandals on your feet; they are well ventilated. If you go to the mountains, where it can be cool enough, it is better to take a sweater with you. In India, it is quite problematic to buy warm clothes. Europeans, long living or working in India, often completely switch to Indian clothing. It is very suitable for local weather conditions. It must be remembered that Indians change clothes daily. If you do not want to be known for being dirty, you need to do the same.
Health. The medicine. Ayurveda
No special vaccinations are needed to enter the country. But you should consult a doctor. If you are going to some remote area. It may turn out that some minimum vaccination is needed. If you need to take any medications constantly, it is better to take them with you, with a small margin. Buying them in India can be problematic. Be sure to take some kind of insect repellent. Just remember that all this should be stored in a suitcase. When flying if it is in hand luggage, they can confiscate. It is necessary to observe hygiene very carefully. Indians use toilets exclusively in water, remember this. In small cities, water may not be running. The scourge of the local population is intestinal infections need to be very careful. If nevertheless, in spite of all your precautions, the disease has manifested itself. Urgent need to go to the doctor. No need to self-medicate, as local diseases are very insidious and the consequences can be most dire. Ayurveda is the science of the unity of body, spirit and soul. Ancient Indian philosophers profess this science, based on centuries-old observations of nature and man.
According to the canons of this science, all diseases in the human body are manifested only because the person himself destroys this trinity. They believed that our body was created immortal and any person is immortal in nature. Due to our ignorance, we have lost touch with nature. Forgotten how to draw energy and strength from the earth. We destroy everything around, from this our life force runs out. We do not live so long. Recently, this teaching has been very popular. Along with yoga. Numerous schools have been opened all over India to teach this science. There are ongoing continuing education courses and many very famous doctors use the basics of this science in their practice. It also includes the deepest knowledge of herbal medicine. In the complex, this brings very good results. You just need to be prepared for the fact that this is not a pill. I drank and after fifteen minutes the result came. This is the philosophy of life. People who have been doing this for a long time change dramatically. Become other people. People often come to India in search of peace of mind. Then these people stay here forever. Modern India is very closely intertwined with its past. Indians greatly honor the memory of their ancestors.
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